In finance, investment is the purchase of an asset or item with the hope that it will generate income or appreciate in the future and be sold at the higher price.

It generally does not include deposits with a bank or similar institution. The term investment is usually used when referring to a long-term outlook. This is the opposite of trading or speculation, which are short-term practices involving a much higher degree of risk.

Generally there are different ways a foreign investor can invest in Iran. The three main schemes are as follows:

– Investment under the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Act (FIPPA)

– Investment in the Iranian mainland without the protection of FIPPA

– Investment in or via Free Trade Zones